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Medical Article

Liposuction for fat free body

Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery which sucks fat from various possible parts of the body. It is also called lipoplasty, liposculpture suction lipectomy or lipo. It commonly breaks up fat of the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, neck, chin, upper and back of the arms, calves and back.

A hollow instrument named cannula is used to remove fat. After inserting this instrument under the skin a powerful, high-pressure vacuum is applied to it.

Liposuction is not an overall weight-loss method, and not a treatment for obesity. The treatment doesn’t remove cellulite, dimples or stretch marks. It aims the patient who wishes to change or enhance the contour of his/her body. 

This surgery permanently removes fat cells from the body, the shape also alters. After this procedure, if the patient doesn’t lead a healthy lifestyle there is a risk that the remaining fat cells grow bigger. 

There are a number of possible risks related to liposuction, including infection, numbness or scarring. If too much fat is removed there may be lumpiness or dents in the skin. According to experts, the surgical risks are linked to the amount of fat removed.

Uses of liposuction

Rather than physical benefits, liposuction is used to improve looks.  The person will achieve the same results, if they adopt a healthy lifestyle like good diet, regular exercise and good sleep. According to expert opinion, an individual has to opt liposuction only they did not achieve desired result with a lifestyle change.

While gaining weight each fat cell increases in size and volume. Liposuction reduces the fat cells in isolated areas; the removal quantity depends on its appearance and the volume of fat.  If the patient’s weight does not increase after liposuction the result will be long-lasting. 

Liposuction is only done in small areas of human body; it is not a treatment for obesity or long-term weight loss.  The treatment is not effective if the person wants to get rid of stretch marks, cellulite, dimpling or other skin irregularities. 

Before deciding for liposuction the patient has to consult the doctor for understanding the pros and cons. The patient has to reveal the surgeon why they want to do it, what they hope to gain out of it and what their expectations are. 

Common areas of liposuction treatment in body

Abdomen, back, buttocks, chest, Inner knees, hips, flanks, neckline and the area under the chin, thighs-saddlebags, and inner thighs, upper arms. 

The individual with good skin tone and elasticity are best suited for this surgery. Lack of elasticity may end up with loose-looking skin in areas where the procedure was done. Liposuction should not be done for patients with blood flow problems, such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, as well as those with weak immune systems. Patient should be over the age of 18 years. 

Liposuction benefit in certain conditions

Lymphedema- A chronic condition in which excess fluid collects in tissues, causing swelling. The condition commonly occurs in the arms or legs.  The fluid accumulates much faster than it can be drained away. Liposuction helps to reduce swelling, discomfort and pain. Doctors use this procedure only for patients with severe symptoms. After the operation the patient has to wear a badge for long time, sometimes up to a year after the operation.

Gynecomastia- Liposuction can be used to remove fat accumulation under a man’s nipples, to reduce the swelling.

Lipodystrophy syndrome- In one part of the body the fat accumulates and is lost in another. Liposuction provides a more natural looking body fat distribution and improve patients look.

Extreme weight loss after obesity- If an excess obese person has lost at least 40% of BMI (body mass index) after a bypass procedure, excess skin and other abnormalities may need treatment. Liposuction can correct such abnormalities.