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Zika virus, creating challenges

Zika virus creating threats across tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, where it has spread to over 20 countries. It is transmitted primarily by mosquito bite of an infected Aedes species, the same mosquitoes that spread dengue and chikungunya.
Common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. Yet no vaccine or medications are found to prevent or treat Zika infections. Taking rest, drinking fluids to prevent dehydration, taking medicines like acetaminophen or paracetamol, to relieve fever and pain, etc., are some of the solutions. Contact healthcare provider for additional support. If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.
Zika virus remains in the blood of a sick person for a few days, some time it stays longer.  The Aedes species usually lay eggs in and near standing water in buckets, bowls, animal dishes, flower pots and vases.  These mosquitoes are aggressive daytime biters, prefer to bite people, and live indoors and outdoors near people. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes then spread the virus to other people.
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes.
It was first identified in Uganda, in 1947, and most recently on Pacific islands in the last decade. Official says it one of the travellers might have carried it to Brazilwhen the country hosted the 2014 World Cup. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes. The link was only empirically tested when scientists began collecting amniotic samples from mothers of affected children in northeast Brazil last year.  Now, laboratories are rushing to produce a test that can identify the virus quickly in suspected patients and developing vaccine for it.
The authorities have sought to educate locals about the dangers of stagnant water; dengue has worsened in recent years. If you are travelling to countries infected with Zika virus you have to follow certain preventive measures like using mosquito repellents which are very effective in preventing mosquito bites. If you are using both sunscreen and insect repellent, apply sunscreen first and then the repellent. Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitoes outside, otherwise use mosquito bed net. An infected mosquito can spread the virus to other people. To prevent others getting sick, avoid mosquito bites during the first week of illness.