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India, The Diabetes capital of the world

In India 50 million people are suffering with type-2 diabetes which is more than any other nation. Diabetes is one of the most talked diseases across the world and India is facing the challenge the most.

According to experts timely detection and right management will help the patient to spend a normal life. According to the International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, India has been witnessing an alarming rise in the incidence of diabetes. The disease is posing an enormous health problem in India as the country is having the highest number of diabetic patients in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) fact sheet on diabetes, an estimated 3.4 million deaths are caused due to high blood sugar.

WHO estimates that 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. It also projects that diabetes related death will double between 2016 and 2030. It has been estimated that type-2 diabetes is expected to increase globally to 438 million by 2030 from 285 million people. In India there will be an increase of 58%, from 51 million people in 2010 to 87 million in 2030.

Diabetes is a medical condition that is caused due to insufficient production and secretion of insulin from the pancreas in Type -1 diabetes and defective response of insulin in the case of Type-2 diabetes.  In normal body condition, blood glucose levels are controlled by insulin. When the blood glucose level elevate, insulin is released from pancreas to normalise it. In diabetes patients, insufficient production of insulin causes hyperglycemia.

Lifestyle changes and medicine can help to control diabetes at initial level. In advanced stages external insulin is essential, but it cannot be cured completely. Diabetes mellitus is affecting 143 million people worldwide and the number is growing rapidly. In India, 5% population suffers from diabetes. Regular check-ups and timely detection plays a vital role in controlling and managing the problem.  Diabetes also creates vascular complications like cardiovascular, renal, neural and visual disorders.