Log In

Medical Article

Poisoning - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Overview
    Poisons are substances that cause injury, illness or death
    These events are caused by a chemical activity in the cells
    Poisons can be injected, inhaled or swallowed
    Poisoning should be suspected if a person is sick for unknown reason
    Poor ventilation can aggravate Inhalation poisoning
    First aid is critical in saving the life of victims
Causes
    Medications
    Drug overdose
    Occupational exposure
    Cleaning detergents/paints
    Carbon mono oxide gas from furnace, heaters
    Insecticides
    Certain cosmetics
    Certain household plants, animals
    Food poisoning (Botulism)
Symptoms
    Blue lips
    Skin Rashes
    Difficulty in breathing
    Diarrhea
    Vomiting/Nausea
    Fever
    Headache
    Giddiness/drowsiness
    Double vision
    Abdominal/chest pain
    Palpitations/Irritability
    Loss of appetite/bladder control
    Numbness
    Muscle twitching
    Seizures
    Weakness
    Loss of consciousness
Treatment
    Seek immediate medical help
   Meanwhile
   Try and identify the poison if possible
    Check for signs like burns around mouth, breathing difficulty or vomiting
    Induce vomiting if poison swallowed
    In case of convulsions, protect the person from self injury
    If the vomit falls on the skin, wash it thoroughly
    Position the victim on the left till medical help arrives
For inhalation poisoning
    Seek immediate emergency help
    Get help before you attempt to rescue others
    Hold a wet cloth to cover your nose and mouth
    Open all the doors and windows
    Take deep breaths before you begin the rescue
    Avoid lighting a match
    Check the patient's breathing
    Do a CPR, if necessary
    If the patient vomits, take steps to prevent choking
Steps to Avoid
    Avoid giving an unconscious victim anything orally
    Do not induce vomiting unless told by a medical personnel
    Do not give any medication to the victim unless directed by a doctor
    Do not neutralize the poison with limejuice/hone
Prevention
    Store medicines, cleaning detergents, mosquito repellants and paints carefully
    Keep all potentially poisonous substances out of children's reach
    Label the poisons in your house
    Avoid keeping poisonous plants in or around house
    Take care while eating products such as berries, roots or mushrooms
    Teach children the need to exercise caution